The earthquake is natural phenomenon that results in extreme destruction and loss of lives. The following short and long essay on topic earthquake defines earthquake, causes and impacts of earthquake, in short, simple words for children and students.
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Essay on Earthquake | Causes & Effects of Earthquake – Short & Long Essay For Students
What is Earthquake?
Earthquake means shaking of earth’s crust as a result of sudden release of energy from the interior of earth. It is phenomenon when tectonic plates slip past one another.
It causes a lot of damage depending upon the intensity of the earth quake. In past, we have number of examples when earth quake completely ruin everything on that place.
They cause damage on very high scale. Earth quake are always considered to be the most disastrous natural phenomenon.
It has swallowed lives of number of people in past. It has been most terrifying phenomenon so far.
Causes of Earthquake Essay
Earth quake occurs in very remote places. The magnitude of their intensity varies place from place. In some areas, the magnitude is large enough to prove more destructive while in other areas magnitude is quite lesser than other places.
It has been observed that few areas are more prone to this natural disastrous than others. These are areas that are located at the intersection between tectonic lines.
When tectonic plates slide over one another they produce seismic waves. These waves have large amount of energy and have power to cause massive damage on the surface of earth.
Earth quake are natural disaster and there is no cure for it. It has been observed that most of earth quake occur in place called “Ring of fire” located in Pacific ocean.
Earth quakes can never be predicted at any place. However, we can just estimate the probability of earth quake at various places.
Effects of Earthquake Essay
Earth quake are most dangerous natural disaster and has been proven fatal so far. It is often sudden and there is prediction about it.
This thing makes it even more terrifying and problematic that earth quakes are of different intensities all around the world.
Earth quake of low magnitude cause a minor damage to property. There is mostly no loss of life in these earth quakes whereas earth quakes of large magnitude cause damage on massive scale.
One of the most prominent damage is ground displacement. It causes a lot of damage to property and roads.
Buildings often collapse, thereby causing injuring or death to dweller of these buildings. It also proves destructive to bridges and the number of people suffers due to it.
Earth quake can also originates from the middle of the ocean and causes extremely large and destructive waves called tsunami.
These waves cause a lot of damage to nearby areas and ruin everything around. It has been seen that earth quake also causes floods. Earth quake damages the embankment or walls of dams and canal.
These causes water to overflow and enter the surrounding. These sudden floods are very dangerous and prove fatal for all the irrigation in its area.
History is full of incidents when earth quake cause a massive damage in different areas of the world.
Sometimes the intensity of earth quake is towards the centre of earth and it causes roads to rapture and number of people loses their lives.
Earth quake is great and terrifying phenomenon of earth. It shows that we can not control the forces of nature. Man has to believe that he cannot fight all forces of nature. Earth quakes are dangerous and sudden disaster on people of certain place.
We should help the sufferers to come out of this problem as people lose their homes in earth quakes. They need moral and financial support at this time. In short, earth quakes are for short duration of time but they cause high level of destruction on massive scale.